What is dyslexia? Dyslexia is a specific learning disability. Dyslexic children have difficulties
with accurate and / or fluent word recognition and have poor spelling and decoding
Can dyslexics learn to read? Yes, dyslexics can learn to read at any age and without any special intervention.
History is scattered with high achieving dyslexics who received no special help.
However, early attention (before third grade) to helping these children makes
their processing of learning to decode and comprehend much more successful.
BTW, many parents decide to homeschool their dyslexic children. There is an ebook free book about homeschooling (or not) a child with dyslexia.
What else do we know about dyslexic children? Many people who are dyslexic are of average to above average intelligence. It is claimed and there is some evidence that dyslexics have a different intelligence with some superior abilities in areas such as holostic problem solving (ie seeing all components of a problem
at the same time, not sequentially) and in creative and mathematical areas. Many
dyslexics (a neurological learning disorder) also have ADD or ADHD (behavioral disorders). As many as 50% of those diagnosed with a learning or
reading difference have also been diagnosed with ADHD.
What approach is effective with dyslexics? All children should get professionally diagnosed and an individual education
plan designed professionally which addresses their unique blend of intelligences
and skills and needs.Here are a few principles to help you select a professional,
to get the most form working with them, and to supplement their efforts.
Dyslexics need help with phonology and phonological areas and the specific areas should be systematically
assessed and addressed. Areas such as Sound-Symbol Association, Syllable Instruction, Morphology, Syntax, and Semantics. A strategy of multisensory learning should be adopted which includes kinesthetic, visual, and auditory done in direct
instruction, small group, and computer-based learning. The pyschological issues
should also be addressed by emphasizing that all individuals have their unique
blend of intelligences and the specific strengths of the child should be identified and
appreciated. It important that a specific matter of fact description of areas of special need should be presented to the child being as specific
and jargon-free as possible (see Mel Levine’s All Kinds of Minds)
Many of these students really benefit from using lots of clever educational word games. Here’s some suggestions: The most popular learning activities are unscramble, wordsearch, hangman, crossword puzzle, alphabetical order practice, handwriting practice worksheets, and WordFind.